1. Direct or Indirect warping: Preparing the warp yarns for weaving.

2. Dyeing: Coloring the yarn or fabric.

3. Weaving: Interlacing the warp and weft yarns to form the fabric.

4. Singeing: Burning off the protruding fibers on the surface of the fabric.

5. Desizing: Removing the sizing agent used during weaving to strengthen the yarns.

6. Mercerizing: A chemical treatment applied to cotton fibres or fabrics to permanently impart a greater affinity for dyes and various chemical finishes.

7. Finishing: Treating the fabric to achieve desired properties like softness, stretch, or durability.

8. Packing: Preparing the finished product for shipment or storage.